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"Geographical Indications

It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods.
Geographical Indications :

Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.

Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.

Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs. They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.

Benefits of geographical indications

* It confers legal protection to Geographical Indications in India

* It promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.

* Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others

* It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.

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